The word “pesto” is a derivation of the Italian word for “pounded” as it used to be made in a mortar and pestle, although most people now use a blender or food processor. Basil is one of the most popular culinary herbs. The type commonly used for its flavor is Sweet Basil (or Genovese basil).  There is also Thai basil, lemon basil and holy basil used in Asian dishes.  Basil in an annual in our region so it has to be replanted each year.

Basil also has many health benefits. It contains several vitamins, minerals and a range of antioxidants.

Basil is most commonly used in fresh recipes. As a dried herb it loses most of its flavor. You can use basil in Italian cuisine in Pesto, on tomato salad with mozzarella. I also use mine mixed with warm heirloom potatoes as a quick version of healthy potato salad.


2 +  cloves garlic, peeled
3/4 teaspoon coarse salt
5 cups (20g) loosely-packed basil leaves
5 tablespoons (75ml) best-quality olive oil
2 ounces (60g) grated Parmesan cheese (I skipped cheese in mine)
1/4 cup (30g) pine nuts, walnuts, or shelled pistachios, very lightly toasted


I top the jar before closing with olive oil to slow down oxidation.
Fresh pesto stores in the fridge for about a week, but until the next season in the freezer.

Other books on the subject available at our library:

Cooking with Herbs   HOOPLA E-book
Lynn Alley

Homegrown Herbs    Print book
Tammi Hartung

Magda Born

Community Services Librarian

Kansas City, Kansas Public Library

625 Minnesota Ave.

Kansas City, KS 66101

913-295-8250 ext 1103